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Tag: Ismail Omar Guelleh

Ismail Omar Guelleh: A Profile

Ismail Omar Guelleh, the current President of Djibouti, has held office since 1999, succeeding his uncle, Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who led the country since its independence in 1977. Guelleh’s presidency, characterized by both stability and controversy, faces criticism for his authoritarian style of governance and alleged human rights abuses.

Early Life and Career

Born on November 27, 1947, in Djibouti City, Ismail Omar Guelleh studied in Djibouti and then earned an economics degree from the University of Bordeaux in France. He began his career in the civil service and served in various government positions. Besides, he headed the security services. Moreover, he has been in office since 1999 and has won multiple elections.


First elected as President in 1999, Ismail Omar Guelleh has won multiple elections, most recently in 2021. His presidency witnessed significant economic development in Djibouti, transforming it into a key hub for international trade and investment. However, his government faces accusations of corruption, nepotism, and electoral fraud.

Foreign Relations

Under Ismail Omar Guelleh’s leadership, Djibouti maintained close ties with countries like France, the United States, and China. Due to its strategic location on the Horn of Africa, Djibouti hosts military bases for several foreign powers, including France, the United States, China, and Japan.

Challenges and Legacy

Guelleh’s presidency faced challenges, including violence and terrorism. He was criticized for cracking down on dissent. Despite economic struggles, he implemented reforms and strengthened international relations. However, his close ties to foreign powers raised concerns about democracy.